Bob Rafelson, an influential determine within the New Hollywood period of the Nineteen Seventies who was nominated for 2 Oscars for Five Easy Pieces, has died. He was 89.

Rafelson died at his house in Aspen on Saturday evening surrounded by his household, stated his spouse, Gabrielle Taurek Rafelson.

Bob Rafelson was accountable for co-creating the fictional pop music group and tv sequence The Monkees alongside the late Bert Schneider, which gained him an Emmy for excellent comedy sequence in 1967.

But he was maybe finest recognized for his work in the course of the New Hollywood period, which noticed a classical studio system giving solution to a batch of rebellious younger voices and contemporary filmmaking kinds, and helped usher in skills like Martin Scorsese, Brian De Palma, Francis Ford Coppola and Steven Spielberg.

Bob Rafelson directed and co-wrote Five Easy Pieces, about an upper-class pianist who yearns for a extra blue-collar life, and The King of Marvin Gardens, a couple of depressed late-night-radio speak present host. Both movies starred Jack Nicholson and explored themes of the American dream gone haywire. Five Easy Pieces received Rafelson two Oscar nominations in 1971, for finest image and screenplay.

He additionally produced seminal New Hollywood classics together with Peter Bogdanovich’s The Last Picture Show and Dennis Hopper’s Easy Rider.

Francis Ford Coppola as soon as referred to as him “one of the most important cinematic artistes of his era” and his followers embody Quentin Tarantino and Wes Anderson.

Bob Rafelson was born in New York City and was a distant relative of The Jazz Singer screenwriter Samson Raphaelson, who he stated took an curiosity in his work. At Dartmouth, he additionally turned associates with legendary screenwriter Buck Henry.

He developed an curiosity in Japanese cinema and the movies of Yasujiro Ozu, particularly Tokyo Story, whereas serving within the US Army in Japan.

After faculty, Bob Rafelson married his highschool sweetheart, who would work as a manufacturing designer on his movies and others. He received his begin within the leisure enterprise in tv, writing for reveals like The Witness and The Greatest Show on Earth.

But The Monkees was his first large success. The thought for The Monkees, he stated, predated The Beatles and the musical comedy A Hard Day’s Night, however it hit the second effectively when it premiered on NBC in 1966. It ran for 2 years and allowed Rafelson to take a stab at directing himself.

The Monkees additionally appeared in his characteristic directorial debut, Head, which might be the primary of many collaborations with Nicholson.

“I may have thought I started his career,” Nicholson informed Esquire in 2019, “but I think he started my career.”

Bob Rafelson was proudest of the 1990 movie he directed, Mountains of the Moon, a biographical film that informed the story of two explorers, Sir Richard Burton and John Hanning Speke, as they looked for the supply of the Nile, his spouse stated.

Rafelson’s personal adventures to locations like Morocco, India, southeast Asia, Mexico and Guatemala influenced his work, she stated.

“He loved nothing more than disappearing into strange pockets of the world,” Taurek Rafelson stated.

Bob Rafelson left Hollywood twenty years in the past to concentrate on elevating two sons with Taurek Rafelson, Ethan and Harper, in Aspen. He and his first spouse, Toby Rafelson, additionally had two youngsters, Peter, and Julie, who died in 1973 when she was 10 years previous.

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